Being logical : a guide to good thinking (Livre, 2004) [University of Maryland, College Park]
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Being logical : a guide to good thinking

Being logical : a guide to good thinking

Auteur : Dennis Q McInerny
Éditeur: New York : Random House, ©2004.
Édition/format:   Livre imprimé : Biographie : Anglais : 1st edVoir toutes les éditions et tous les formats
Résumé:
"Whether regarded as a science, an art, or a skill - and it can properly be regarded as all three - logic is the basis of our ability to think, analyze, argue, and communicate. Indeed, logic goes to the very core of what we mean by human intelligence. In this book, Professor D.Q. McInerny offers a guide to using logic to advantage in everyday life. Written explicitly for the layperson, McInerny's Being Logical  Lire la suite...
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Détails

Genre/forme: Biographies
Type d’ouvrage: Biographie, Ressource Internet
Type de document: Livre, Ressource Internet
Tous les auteurs / collaborateurs: Dennis Q McInerny
ISBN: 1400061717 9781400061716
Numéro OCLC: 53091068
Notes: Includes index.
Description: xvi, 137 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Contenu: Preparing the mind for logic --
The basic principles of logic --
Argument : the language of logic --
The sources of illogical thinking --
The principal forms of illogical thinking. Part One: Preparing the mind for logic --
Be attentive --
Get the facts straight --
Ideas and the objects of ideas --
Be mindful of the origins of ideas --
Match ideas to facts --
Match words to ideas --
Effective communication --
Avoid vague and ambiguous language --
Avoid evasive language --
Truth --
Part Two: The basic principles of logic --
First principles --
Real gray areas, manufactured gray areas --
There's an explanation for everything, eventually --
Don't stop short in the search for causes --
Distinguish among causes --
Define your terms --
The categorical statement --
Generalizing --
Part Three: Argument: the language of logic --
Founding an argument --
The move from universal to particular --
The move from particular to universal --
Predication --
Negative statements --
Making comparisons --
Comparison and argument --
Sound argument --
Conditional argument --
Syllogistic argument --
The truth of premises --
The relevancy of premises --
Statements of fact, statements of value --
Argumentative form --
Conclusions must reflect quanitity of premises --
Conclusions must reflect quality of premises --
Inductive argument --
Assessing argument --
Constructing an argument --
Part Four: The sources of illogical thinking --
Skepticism --
Evasive agnosticism --
Cynicism and naive optimism --
Narrow-mindedness --
Emotion and argument --
The reason for reasoning --
Argumentation is not quarreling --
The limits of sincerity --
Common sense --
Part Five: The principal forms of illogical thinking --
Denying the antecedent --
Affirming the consequent --
The undistributed middle term --
Equivocation --
Begging the question --
False assumptions --
The straw-man fallacy --
Using and abusing tradition --
Two wrongs don't make a right --
The democratic fallacy --
Substituting for the force of reason --
The uses and abuses of expertise --
The quantifying of quality --
Consider more than the source --
Stopping short at analysis --
Reductionism --
Misclassification --
The red herring --
Laughter as diversionary tactic --
Tears as diversionary tactic --
An inability to disprove does not prove --
The false dilemma --
Post hoc ergo propter hoc --
Special pleading --
The fallacy of expediency --
Avoiding conclusions --
Simplistic reasoning --
Afterword.
Responsabilité: D.Q. McInerny.

Résumé:

"Whether regarded as a science, an art, or a skill - and it can properly be regarded as all three - logic is the basis of our ability to think, analyze, argue, and communicate. Indeed, logic goes to the very core of what we mean by human intelligence. In this book, Professor D.Q. McInerny offers a guide to using logic to advantage in everyday life. Written explicitly for the layperson, McInerny's Being Logical promises to take its place beside Strunk and White's The Elements of Style as a classic of lucid, invaluable advice." "In Being Logical, D.Q. McInerny breaks logic down to its essentials through clear analysis, accessible examples, and focused insights. Whether you are a student or a teacher, a professional honing your career skills or a generalist devoted to the fine points of thought and expression, you are sure to find Being Logical an invaluable guide to reasoning."--Jacket.
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